Collegiate Science & Technology Entry Program (CSTEP): Who will know that I plagiarized?- Citing

This guide is designed to support the library instruction sessions for the CSTEP program. A series of workshops will be conducted using this guide as an instruction tool and resource during class. Key concepts and resources are highlighted in this guide.

The importance of citing and references

So why bother citing references and provide correct data?

  • Take a look at what happens to professionals who do not at Retraction Watch Website.
  • At RIT, your professors use Turnitin software to check for plagiarism
  • If you have difficulty summarizing what you read ask for help.  Do not use quoted text through out your research paper
  • Even though a journal article undergoes a publisher's peer review process, it can still be retracted from it has been published in the journal, if plagiarism, incorrect data or unprofessional behavior has been reported.

Publishers provide authors 1.peer review instructions and 2. images permission to authors, which you should double check when you are not sure about an article and about using an image. 

- Some databases like Elsevier ScienceDirect, Ebsco make it easy to distinguish original research articles from review articles and peer review articles from other documents.


The best way to distinguish scholarly journal articles is to first look for the author's:

  1. references which will show the author's literature review method. Be suspect of an article that has only 2 or 3 references
  2. conclusion/summary section
  3. results section
  4. method section
  5. introduction
  6. abstract
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