|Technique||What it Does||Example|
Phrase searching - allows you to search for documents containing a specific phrase rather than keywords in a randomized order.
Summon 2.0™ allows you to search for phrases using “ ” (quotes).
|Narrows your search||The query “academic honesty” will find results with that phrase.|
Searches can be performed using the wildcards “?” (question mark) and “*” (asterisk). Wildcards cannot be used as the first character of a search.
The question mark (?) will match any one character.
The asterisk (*) will match zero or more characters within a word or at the end of a word.
|Expands your search||
Can be used to find “Smith” or “Smyth” by searching for “Sm?th”.
A search for “Ch*ter” would match “Charter”, “Character”, and “Chapter”. When used at the end of a word, such as “Tech*”, it will match all suffixes “technology”, “technological”, and “technically”.
|Boolean AND — retrieves only those records containing all your search terms. By default, all terms in a search are combined with the AND operator.||Narrows your search||finite AND element AND methods|
|Boolean OR — retrieves records containing any of your search terms; especially useful for synonyms, alternate spellings, or related concepts. To expand the results set, use the OR operator.||Broadens your search||
“microcircuits OR nanocircuits” will return items that contain either term.
This can be combined with quoted terms such as “teacher education” OR “educator training”.
|Boolean NOT, AND NOT — attempts to exclude a term that is not useful or relevant||Narrows your search||"Advanced Materials" AND composite NOT wood|
Proximity — retrieves terms within a specified distance of one another.
To use the proximity search, enclose your search terms in quotes and use the tilde (~) followed by a number. The number indicates the maximum number of words you wish to allow between your search terms.
|Narrows your search||
finds material where "employee" and "engagement" appear within 5 words of each other.
NOTE: proximity searching does not take the order of search terms into account. A search on "employee engagement strategies"~5 will yield results in which the three search terms appear in various orders.
|Parentheses ( ) — groups terms with Boolean for more complex searches||Combines searches||"mechanical engineering" AND (handbook OR dictionary)|
*Summon offers the Boolean operators OR, NOT and AND. The operators must be written in ALL CAPS.