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MECE 348 Contemporary Issues in...Mechanical Engineering: Evaluating Information

This guide supplements instruction provided in the sections of Contemporary Issues in. It contains links to resources demonstrated and mentioned in the instruction session.
https://infoguides.rit.edu/prf.php?account_id=43307

Evaluating Information on the Internet

This page will teach you techniques to evaluate information you find on the Internet for credibility and appropriate use for assignments in this course.

SIFT Method

SIFT stands for Stop / Investigate / Find Better Sources / Trace Claims.  Though the site below focuses on pandemic related information, the SIFT method can be useful for evaluating anything found online regardless of subject matter.

CRAAP Test

The CRAAP test will help you evaluate information you find on the Internet.  Ask yourself these questions to evaluate and determine the credibility of a site as a whole or particular information on a site.

Currency: the timeliness of the information

  • When was the information published or posted?
  • Has the information been revised or updated?
  • Is the information current or out-of date for your topic?
  • Are the links functional?

Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs

  • Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
  • Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
  • Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper?

Authority: the source of the information

  • Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
  • Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
  • What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given?
  • What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic?
  • Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address?
  • Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?

  •      examples: .com (commercial), .edu (educational), .gov (U.S. government),
                   .org (nonprofit organization), or .net (network)

Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content, and

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
  • Does the language or tone seem biased and free of emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?

Purpose: the reason the information exists

  • What is the purpose of the information? to inform? teach? sell? entertain? persuade?
  • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Is the information fact? opinion? propaganda?
  • Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
  • Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?

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