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Ultrasound Echocardiography Sonography: Frame your search: PICO

This guide has been designed to assist students enrolled in RIT's Diagnostic Medical Sonography (Ultrasound) Program including the DMSO 460 Admin & Res in Sonography course.. Students should periodically check this guide for course assignment resource

Plan you search strategy with the PICO search steps

When selecting keywords ,  think about the following:

  1. PATIENT/PROBLEM -  What are the characteristics of the patient or population or problem that you are researching?
  2. INTERVENTION - What is being done to or for this patient or population or problem?
  3. COMPARISON -  What alternatives can be considered?
  4. OUTCOME -   What are you trying to measure ?
  •  what type of information are you looking for:?
    • therapy (treatment),
    • Diagnosis,
    • Etiology (identify causes for disease) ,
    • Prognosis (estimate patient's clinical course),
    • Prevention

You will find a variety of health and medical journal articles based on the type of research being conducted e.g. Random Controlled Trials (RCT) , cohort studies, systematic reviews, meta-analysis, etc. 

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