Citation Information: ASL Presentations and Citations

This guide will point you to many resources that will help you create and manage your citations. A variety of styles will be addressed.

Academic ASL

How do you cite when you are signing ASL on video and are referring to articles or books?

  • You need to add the in-text citation on the video as you refer to the paper.

  • Add the reference at the end of your video 

  • create a reference list

Example of a signer using an in-text citation screenshot. In this presentation, a Deaf professor, Dr. Raychelle Harris, explains how to present using  Academic ASL.  Note that next to her face, she has a quote from an article, and on the bottom starting with “There are ….”, she includes the in-text citation. Below that is a partial reference:

The full reference list is at the end of the presentation:

Academic ASL

Adding on-screen titling/citations in post-production


With easy access to movie production software like iMovieFinal Cut Pro, or even YouTube Studio, adding on-screen titling/citations in post-production is a simple task. When filming yourself for a video presentation, especially an Academic ASL presentation, consider where you place yourself in the frame:

  • positioning your body and signing space in the left or right of the frame allows placement for on-screen titling (referencing, citations, or other supportive text)

  • centering yourself with enough space on the left and right of the frame also creates a professional aesthetic and allows room for on-screen titling if necessary

  • Front lighting should appropriately highlight manual movements and facial expressions but not blow out the signer’s facial features nor create a chiaroscuro effect; backlighting should be removed or heavily minimized

  • Backgrounds should be solid and devoid of contrasting patterns

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