You can compare the occupational data of deaf persons with hearing persons in various occupations. There is an NTID center that gathers information on this topic, Collaboratory on Economic, Demographic, and Policy Studies. The information here is from their website.
Take a look at the Employment stats from the National Deaf Center.
Also check the Annual Disability Statistics Compendium, 2016 Employment Statistics for DHH ages 18-64 (Table 2.3) organized by state. Another report is Deaf People and Employment published by the National Deaf Center
Walter, G. & Dirmyer, R. (2012). The effect of education on the occupational status of deaf and hard-of-hearing 26-64-year-olds. Rochester, NY: National Technical Institute for the Deaf, Rochester Institute of Technology.
Reilly, C. & Qi, S. (2011). Snapshot of deaf and hard of hearing people, postsecondary attendance, and employment. Washington, DC: Gallaudet Research Institute.