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HIST 330 Deafness and Technology: Legal Milestones

This guide discusses some Deaf technologies that DHH people used in the past and use today.

Finding Legal Information

The Telecommunications for the Deaf Inc. outlined these laws related to telecommunications and captioning. Another timeline is from the Described and Captioned Media Program website.

Telecommunications Access
Early Developments (1837 – 1956)

TTY Becomes Electronic (1971 – 1983)

TTY In The Computer Age (1984 – 1994)

TTY Network is Born (1964 – 1970)

Video Becomes A Reality (1995 – PRESENT)

Media & Information Technology
Early Efforts In Movie Captioning (1927 – 1968)

Early Efforts In TV Captioning (1970 – 1979)

Closed Captioning Begins (1980 – 1990)

Captioning Goes Beyond Television (1991 – 2001)

Captioning Industry Matures (2002 – 2007)

New World Of Captioning (2008 – PRESENT)

Policy and Advocacy
Telecommunications and Media Government Regulations

Telecommunications Relay Services

Disability Rights Movement

Section 504

Deregulation of Phone Industry

Deaf President Now

ADA TRS Rules Go Into Effect

Section 255 Regulations

Section 504

Communications and Video Accessibility Act

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