HIST 231 Deaf People in Global Perspective: Chicago Citations

This guide points to resources about international deaf people, particularly auto/biographies

Chicago Citation Style

The image at left is a book cover entitled "A Manual for Writers" and has an orange background with yellow deorative elements. The online Chicago style book is available  If interested in an online citation generator, BibGuru is linked below.

This OWL guide, citation chart, and the Chicago style author-date sample paper are available for your review.

There are two options for the Chicago style. Your professor wants you to use the author-date system. The author-date system has long been used by those in the physical, natural, and social sciences. The notes and bibliography style is preferred by many in the humanities, including those in literature, history, and the arts.

Why Should We Use Citations?

Why Do We Need to Cite Sources for Papers or Presentations?

  • We need to acknowledge another person's work and ideas and give him credit.
  • You have more credibility because your paper shows you reviewed, evaluated, and selected sources during the research process
  • You avoid plagiarism.
  • Your sources are easier to find. Readers can find the sources you used.

How Do You Incorporate Sources Within Your Paper or Presentation?

  • Quoting-Copy a short passage word for word, set off by quotation marks.
  • Summarizing--Restate the main ideas in your own words which is shorter than the origiinal
  • Paraphrasing--Take an idea and put it in your own words.

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