PSYC 221 Abnormal Psychology (Whyte): APA and NIMH Citations

Using APA and NIMH

APA (American Psychological Association) 7th edition is used in the areas of the behavioral and social sciences.If you are interested in an online citation generator, BibGuru is linked below.

There are formatting rules one follows when writing a research paper (margins, page numbers, titles, capitalization, etc.), creating in-text citations in the body of the paper, and writing full citations on the References page (the last page). View the APA  sample paper. If you need assistance with citing social media, check out this part of the APA guide. 

Some of you may choose to use the NIMH (National Institute of Mental Health) citation style. Information about citing NIMH social media is also available.

You must have both the in-text citations and the References page which is a list of all sources you used for your paper. 

Why Should We Use Citations?

Why Do We Need to Cite Sources for Papers or Presentations?

  • We need to acknowledge another person's work and ideas and give him credit.
  • You have more credibility because your paper shows you reviewed, evaluated, and selected sources during the research process
  • You avoid plagiarism.
  • Your sources are easier to find. Readers can find the sources you used.

How Do You Incorporate Sources Within Your Paper or Presentation? Use this guide to introduce quotes and paraphrases.

  • Quoting-Copy a short passage word for word, set off by quotation marks.
  • Summarizing--Restate the main ideas in your own words which is shorter than the original.
  • Paraphrasing--Take an idea and put it in your own words.

Edit this Guide

Log into Dashboard

Use of RIT resources is reserved for current RIT students, faculty and staff for academic and teaching purposes only.
Please contact your librarian with any questions.

Facebook icon  Twitter icon  Instagram icon  YouTube icon