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How to AMA Cite: Govt report, social media, personal communications, etc.

The 11th edition of the AMA Manual of style was created by the American Medical Association for the health, medical and scientific fields. This is a quick visual guide only. You must consult Chapter 3 in the online AMA manual for detailed explanations.

Social Media

Source : AMA Manual section 3.15.4 Social Media.

Example format


Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Facebook page. #RotatorCuff tears are among the most common shoulder injuries, particularly in individuals who engage in activities that require repetitive arm motions. Discover the possible treatment options for a torn rotator cuff: https://mayocl.in/2H6AR3P. Accessed March 4, 2019. https://www.facebook.com/mayoclinicsportsmedicine


Gray T. Advice after mischief is like medicine after death. AMA Style Insider blog. February 11, 2019. Accessed March 10, 2019. https://amastyleinsider.com/2019/02/11/advice-after-mischief-is-like-medicine-after-death/


Khan Academy health and medicine YouTube page. Accessed February 10, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/user/khanacademymedicine


@AMAManual. Double negatives can be used to express a positive, but this yields a weaker affirmative than the simpler positive and may be confusing. “Our results are not inconsistent with the prior hypothesis.” “That won’t do you no good.” And the classic: “I can’t get no satisfaction.” March 7, 2019. Accessed March 10, 2019. https://twitter.com/AMAManual/status/1103678998327017483

In some of the examples above, note that instead of a title, the entire post is given.16

Personal Communication, Lecture Notes

  • Do not include “personal communications” in the list of references. This includes lectures, class notes, and the like. The following forms may be used in the text:


SOURCE: AMA MANUAL 3.13.10 Personal Communications.

 Oral communication should be supported in writing.

The following are examples:

       According to a letter from H. E. Marman, MD, in August 2015 …

Similar findings have been noted by Roberts6 and by H. E. Marman, MD (email, August 15, 2015).

According to the manufacturer (H. R. Smith, PhD, Pharma International, written communication, May 1, 2015), the drug became available in Japan in January 2014.

Provide the date of the communication and indicate how it was documented (eg, letter, email, document). The person’s highest academic degree(s) should also be given. If the affiliation of the person would better establish the relevance and authority of the citation, it should be included (see the example above, where H. R. Smith is identified as working for the drug’s manufacturer; see also 3.15.9, Electronic References, Email and Electronic Mailing List [LISTSERV] Messages). Some journals, including the JAMA Network journals, require that the author obtain written permission from the person whose unpublished data or personal communication is thus cited3,8 (see 5.2.9, Acknowledgments, Permission to Name Individuals).




SOURCE: AMA MANUAL 3.13.2 Government or Agency Reports.

References to reports published by departments or agencies of a government should include the following information, in the order indicated:

(1) name of author (if given);

(2) title of bulletin;

(3) name of issuing bureau, agency, department, or other governmental division (note that in this position, Department should be abbreviated Dept; also note that if the US Government Printing Office is supplied as the publisher, it would be preferable to obtain the name of the issuing bureau, agency, or department);

(4) date of publication;

(5) page numbers (if specified);

(6) publication number (if any);

(7) series number (if given);

(8) online accessed date (if applicable); and

(9) web address (if applicable).

The following are examples: 

1.Johnston LD, O’Malley PM, Bachman JG, Schulenberg JE, Miech RA. Monitoring the Future: National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975-2014: College Students and Adults Ages 19-55. Vol 2. National Institute on Drug Abuse, US Dept of Health and Human Services; 2014.

2.Health, United States, 2014: With Special Feature on Adults Aged 55-64. National Center for Health Statistics; 2015.

3.Sondik EJ. Foreword. In: Healthy People 2010: Final Review. National Center for Health Statistics; 2012:iii.

4.Grall T. Census 2010 Report No. P60-255: Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 2013. US Census Bureau; 2016.

5.National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Questions and Answers About Sprains and Strains. National Institutes of Health; 2015. NIH publication 15-5328. Accessed January 28, 2016. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Sprains_Strains/default.asp

6.Government of Nepal. Central Bureau of Statistics. Statistical Year Book of Nepal–2013. Central Bureau of Statistics; 2013.

7.World Health Organization. World Health Report 2013: Research for Universal Health Coverage. World Health Organization; 2013.

8.United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Women on the Run: First-Hand Accounts of Refugees Fleeing El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico. UNHCR: UN Refugee Agency; 2015. Accessed August 16, 2016. http://www.unhcr.org/5630f24c6.pdf

9.National Institute of Public Health. Importance of Blood Donation: Requirements and Restrictions. Published in Spanish. National Institute of Public Health of Mexico; 2015.

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