Sign language interpreters/captionists for an online class can help eliminate communication barriers. If you plan to use an interpreter/captionist for a class you can maximize the effectiveness by following some helpful tips and etiquette.
Be aware that the Deaf consumer has the job of tracking a variety of actions----looking at the slides, interpreter, interactions, and possibly, captions.
Sign language does not always have specific signs for specialized or technical words. Providing vocabulary lists, agendas, materials, notes, or handouts to the interpreter/captionist prior to a meeting, training, or online class makes for a more successful and accurate interpretation and captioning.
Clarify unique vocabulary, technical terms, acronyms, and jargon. If you have any questions about working with an interpreter, please speak to the interpreter/captionist before the class begins to discuss any questions you may have.
Work with the interpreter and/or DHH person to select the most effective communication to use. Ask if they prefer the audio and/or video to be on or off during the Zoom class. If possible, send interpreter(s) the Zoom link in advance.
It may also be helpful to meet with them beforehand to make all necessary arrangements. Most of the time, for the DHH person to see each person as they speak, please include audio and have the video on.
Consider recording the class for review.
When using slides or any shared screen, please give DHH person a bit of time to look at the slides/information and at the interpreters. Please present at a slow, steady pace and check in with them to be sure they are finished with the current page and ready to move on.
There is typically a lag time between a speaker and the interpretation. As a result, responses and questions from the person who is deaf or hard of hearing might be slightly delayed. Interpreters might need to ask for clarification. The speaker and other participants should pause until the interpreter and DHH person finishes speaking/signing.
Speak one at a time in group situations. The interpreter is often slightly behind the conversation and it can be difficult for the DHH person to give input without seeming to interrupt the flow of natural turn-taking. Be sensitive to the situation. Choose someone to facilitate the group discussion and monitor that people are speaking one at a time. The speaker and other participants should raise their hand for turn-taking so the DHH person knows who is talking.
The interpreter and/or captionist need processing time from English to ASL/ASL to English. Time is needed for a person who is deaf or hard of hearing to see who is talking before the comments are interpreted. The speaker and other participants need to check and pause when the interpreter and the DHH person stops signing or voicing. Please note: The interpreter won’t voice right away when the DHH person signs.
Avoid words such as “this”, “that”, "here", "there" when referring to something being demonstrated. Instead, be specific and identify objects by name (noun, proper noun, or keyword). Give the location: bottom, top, middle of the slide or screen. Example: “Look at the upper right-hand corner at this math equation”, “line 21 at the bottom left”
Debrief-Sometimes it is helpful to debrief with the interpreter/captionist afterward to see if there are any concerns, what could be improved, etc. If there is no time to meet, follow up with an email. Share recording with participants, including the interpreter/captionist.