Frederick Augustus Porter Barnard (May 5, 1809 – April 27, 1889) was a Deaf American scientist and classically trained scholar. After he became deafened, he worked as an instructor at the American Asylum of the Deaf and the NY Institute for the Instruction of the Deaf. He then worked at the University of Alabama and the University of Mississippi as a professor in the areas of mathematics, chemistry, natural history, and natural philosophy. Barnard pursued astronomical studies and an observatory is named for him at the University of Mississippi. As the president of a college, Columbia, and a chancellor at the University of Mississippi, he holds the distinction of being the first Deaf president. During the Civil War, he left Mississippi as he believed in anti-slavery. Barnard College was named in his honor as he believed in women having educational opportunities.